issn 2072-8204

journal's links
» Home
» About the Journal
» Title
» Supplementary Issue (ISDAR)
» Editorial Board
» Instructions to Authors
» Submit a Manuscript
» Downloads
» Related Links
» Contact Us
journal's archive
December, 2012  Volume. 2 - No.2

Prevalence of Puerperal Period Reproductive Disorders in Nili-Ravi Buffaloes of Different Parity in District Bahawalpur, Pakistan

M. S. Akhtar†, L. A. Lodhi*, M. M. Ayaz†, A. A. Farooq†, M. Hussain† and Z. I. Chaudhary†

†Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
*Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan


The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence rates of various reproductive disorders during puerperal period in Nili-Ravi buffaloes of different parity under field conditions. Data on 587 calvings of Nili-Ravi buffaloes during the period of 2 years was recorded for various puerperal period reproductive disorders like retention of placenta, metritis, endometritis, pyometra and post-partum cervicovaginal prolapse. The data for present study was collected from civil veterinary dispensaries located in district Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Overall prevalence of metritis, endometritis and pyometra was highest during first parity followed by second, third and fourth parity. In the animals belonging to first and fourth parity, there was a high prevalence of metritis followed by endometritis, pyometra, retention of placenta and post-partum uterine prolapse. Among the animals of second parity high prevalence of endometritis was recorded. There was high prevalence of endometritis followed by pyometra, metritis, retention of placenta and post-partum cervicovaginal prolapse during third parity. The prevalence of retention of placenta, metritis and post-partum cervicovaginal prolapse increased with the parity. Proper training and raising awareness among the farmers can minimize the prevalence of these reproductive disorders.
Key words: buffalo, placental retention, metritis, pyometra, prolapse, prevalence

Corresponding Author: